GLOBAL TREASURES: Mongolia (Kharkhorin and Erdene Zuu Hyid)


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- (Disc 1)
Global Treasures: Kharkorin and Erdene Zuu Hyid
Ullman, Frank - Television Director

Catalogue Number: GTR-DVD-1282

Global Treasures - History's Most Protected Monuments - Heritage is our legacy from the past, what we live today, and what we pass on to future generations. Our cultural and natural heritage are both irreplaceable sources of life and inspiration. Places as unique and diverse as the wilds of East Africa's Serengeti, the Pyramids of Egypt, the Great Barrier Reef in Australia and the Baroque cathedrals of Latin America make up our world's heritage. Join us as we explore one of these protected monuments.

In Kharkhorin, former residence of those who once ruled Mongolia, today there is little left to see. However, a few mysterious sites remain which, along with the Erdene Zuu Monastery, are highly evocative of this ancient city in Central Mongolia.

For thirty-two years Kharkhorin was the centre of one of the most powerful empires in the world. After the break-up of the Soviet Union, the Erdene Zuu Monastery became active once again.

Up until 1938, over sixty individual buildings that housed fifteen hundred devout lamas stood on the monastery grounds, and it is believed that as many as ten thousand lamas once lived there.

Kharkhorin can be traced back to 1222, which was when Ghengis Khan expanded the former main base of the Kereit Clan into a supply base for his army. Its strategic location was excellent, set on the banks of the Orchon River within a wide and fertile valley, and it was perfectly suited for huge hordes of men and their horses.

A gentle breath of mystique and melancholy blows over the surviving ruins of this former cosmopolitan city in which, as decreed by law, multicultural tolerance predominated.

Part 1

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